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Extensive deltas of theGodavari, Krishna and Kaveri are the characteristic features of this coast. Here the wild relatives of cultivated plants such as banana, mango, citrus and pepper can be grown Islands[ edit ] The two groups of islands, i.

The mountains cover an area of aboutsq. Coasts[ edit ] India has a coastline extending over 7, Most of these rivers fall into the bay of bengal. Thorny shrubs, grasses and some bamboos are present in some regions. The forests are tropical and subtropical having trees like Shorea robusta, Dalbergia sissoo, Cedrela toona, Ficus glomerata, Eugenia jambolana, Acacia catechu, Butea monospema dhakZizyphus and thorny succulent euphorbias on slopes.

The west coast is narrow except around the Gulf of Cambay and the Gulf of Kutch. Several interesting animals live in the Himalayan ranges. The region also shares several plant species with Sri Lanka. The trees belonging to these forests are teak, sal, shisham, mahua, khair etc.

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Mangrove vegetation is characteristic of estuarine tracts along the coast for instance, at Ratnagiri in Maharashtra. These forests comprise the plants Shorea robusta, Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Terminalia, Albizia, Dendrocalamus etc.

Brahmaputra valley and Assam. Larger parts of the coastal plains are covered by fertile soils on which different crops are grown. The snow leopard is found here, as is the migratory black-necked crane.

Chatterjee into 10 and Razi in 21 regions The Indian sub continent is characterized with a variety of climate type and flora of the country in also correspondingly of different types in its different parts.

The country has been divided into following nine floristic Botanical regions: The kinds of deserts found in India are: This extends upto metres altitude and comprises mostly of Siwalik ranges.

Three sides of the plateau are covered by mountains slopes towards east. Deccan plateau It is a large triangular plateau south of the Narmada valley. The rainfall is less than 70 cm. Biogeographers have classified India into ten biogeographic zones with each zone having characteristic climate, soil and biodiversity.

Coconut and rubber are the main vegetation of coastal area. Birds, jackals, leopards, eagles, snakes, fox, buffaloes are found in this region.

The vegetation is either dense evergreen forests or subtropical. Among these, only five islands are inhabited. This region is characterized by discontinuous vegetation cover with open areas of bare soil and soil-water deficit throughout the year.

It includes the Aravalli hill range. The original vegetation of the ill-drained valley bottoms with sluggish streams in elevations below m would be often a special formation, the Myristica swamp.

In Himalaya at a medium height and covered 2, 36, sq.Megadiverse countries • India is one of 18 megadiversity countries of the world • The megadiverse countries are a group of countries that harbor the majority of the Earth's species and are therefore.

Nov 01,  · India has different climate and topography in different parts and hence is termed as a mega diversity country. India occupies 10th place among plant rich countries of the world. It is essential to acquire knowledge about the distribution and environmental interaction of flora and fauna of India.

BIOGEOGRAPHICAL. CLASSIFICATION OF INDIA PRESENTED BY APOORVA ELIZA JOHN S4EC A #20 India occupies 10th place among plant rich countries of the world.

Top 10 Bio-Geographical Zones in India | Ecology

India is situated on the middle of “Afro tropical, Euro- Asian and Indo Malayan region”. India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity country of world.

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The 12 mega diversity region of world are Mexico, Coulombia, Medagaskar, Ikwador, Cameroon, Peru, Brazil, Jaira, China, Malaysia, Indonesia and India.

India has a coastline extending over km. They vary in their characteristics and structure The west coast is narrow except around the Gulf of Cambay and the Gulf of Kutch. Biogeographic classification of India is the division of India according to biogeographic characteristics.

Biogeographic classification of India

Biogeography is the study of the distribution of species, organisms, and ecosystems in geographic space and through geological time. There are ten biogeographic zones in India. Trans Himalayan zone.

Himalayan zone; Desert zone. Semiarid zone.

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