If they do a good job, we may not watch them as closely. You must also prepare a clear promise to the publicso that all stakeholders understand their potential for influence on the decision and what they can expect from you as the process progresses.
Who has the political clout to draw elected and appointed officials into the dispute? Who will be responsible for implementing the decision? Once you identify the right level of public participation for your project, remember that you must develop a clear goal statement for public participation so that everyone on the team has the same understanding of the role of the public.
A couple of major factors influence this. Success in interactive planning is measured by the extent to which balance can be achieved among competing interests and consensus is reached on appropriate actions Lang, p Reducing isolation of the planner from the public; Generating a spirit of cooperation and trust; Providing opportunities to disseminate information; Identifying additional dimensions of inquiry and research; Assisting in identifying alternative solutions; Providing legitimacy to the planning effort and political credibility of the agency; and Increasing public support.
Some of these are: Common methods for soliciting information include the following: In any given process, a variety of tools will likely be required including: In this context the limits of solely relying on technocratic bureaucratic monopoly of decision making, and it is argued that public participation allows governments to adopt policies and enact laws that are relevant to communities and take into account their needs.
The Voices of the People: Meaningful participation requires that public participation activities be integrated directly into the steps in the decision process.
Who wants to be involved? Does a good citizen have a responsibility to work to improve his or her society? The argument being that public participation can be a means for the participating communities to hold public authorities accountable for implementation.
Radical transparency Public participation may also be viewed as accountability enhancing.
Who is already engaged or has contacted us in this issue? As such the NetherlandsGermany, Denmark and Sweden, have public participation and freedom of information provisions in their legal systems since before the Middle Ages.
They need to have in common the desire to solve problems in a specific community. A growing number of Americans are becoming more skeptical of technology and its experts.
Match Public Participation Tools to Objectives Throughout the Process Once the decision process is mapped out, it will become clear where and how the public is to be engaged.
GFOA recommends that governments incorporate public participation efforts in planning, budgeting, and performance management results processes. It benefits from advantages specific to the online dialogue like little to no cost of use, flexibility of participants to give solutions to problems of public concern, educational approach, and interactivity among the participants.
This way, ordinary people are not just some tools to play limited roles, but accountable citizens. This ensures that they receive the appropriate acknowledgement for their contribution, as well as prestige from the communities they contribute to.
What are the key steps and timing in the process? Not all techniques fit exclusively into one category. You can identify additional information about the range of interests to be engaged by asking specific questions about your stakeholder community, such as: Decision-making Structures In discussing the theory of public participation, it is useful to review broad theories of decision-making structures.
Cogan and Sharpep. In order to be effective and influence a change of policy once the solutions come out of the citizen engagement platform, the participants need to act creatively.
At an increased level of involvement, the public, acting as individuals and in groups, advocated specific government policies by attending or sponsoring public meetings, lobbying government officials, or bringing media attention to policy issues.
For a number of reasons, a purely rational decision-making process is difficult. The lack of participation of every-day citizens and experts in solving community problems at local, national and international levels. In other works, ends should be chosen democratically even though the means are chosen technocratically Kweit and Kweit, p.The success of a public participation program is largely determined by how thoroughly and thoughtfully it is planned.
Participation Problems. SMART Method of Public Policy is addressing two major citizen engagement problems: 1. The lack of participation of every-day citizens and experts in solving community. Articulating the purpose for conducting a public participation process is of planning, budgeting, and performance management Citizen Participation.
free essay: public and citizen participation in process development achievement: advantages and disadvantages introduction public and citizen. Examining participation The Founders believed that the main purpose of government was to protect people's basic rights.
Almost all citizens have the right to participate in governing our nation. Summary available The involvement of citizens in the political process is an essential part of democracy.
Tactics and strategies for increased citizen participation in local governance can be seen.Download