Porphyria cutanea tarda essay


The prevalence has been estimated somewhere between 1 in 75, and 1 in[22] however it has been noted that the prevalence of EPP may be increasing due to a better understanding of the disease and improved diagnosis. I have already lost my youngest son and my husband to other diseases and I cannot bear the thought of losing yet another.

EPP can also manifest between the ages of 3 and 6. More specific information on these preventive measures is available from the American Porphyria Foundation see Resources section of this report.

Photosensitivity can cause painful, blistering lesions on skin that has been exposed to the sun, usually on the hands and face. All types of porphyria are characterized by a slower than normal production of heme. Variegate Porphyria Variegate porphyria is characterized by abrasions, Porphyria cutanea tarda essay, and erosions of the skin which are commonly seen during the second and third decade.

A doctor may recommend the following tests: The first step is to remove any aggravating factors, such as drugs containing estrogen. Since the photosensitivity results from light in the visible spectrum, most sunscreens with the exception of light-reflecting substances such as zinc oxide are of little use.

Heme is an important component of the bloodstream. The resulting lesions may crust over. Affected skin, at times, exhibits the fragility or blister formation seen in other photosensitizing types of porphyria. After repetitive exposure, patients may present with lichenification, hypopigmentation, hyperpigmentation and scarring of the skin.

EPP can be triggered through exposure to sun even though the patient is behind glass. The following summarizes the mode of inheritance and the location of the genetic abnormality associated with each specific type of porphyria: According to The Journal of Family Planning JFPmost types of porphyria are autosomal dominant, meaning that a person only inherits the abnormal gene from one parent.

Protoporphyrin is insoluble and hence unavailable for renal excretion. The latter are called acute porphyrias. Urine Types of Porphyria Porphyria is rather complicated; there are actually 7 types I recently read an article that said there are 8depending on which enzyme step fails in the production of heme.

Protoporphyria Protoporphyria can have mild to severe light sensitivity and burning on exposure to the sunlight. Liver biopsy is not helpful for estimation of prognosis of liver disease. Although in many patients manifestations remain limited to the skin, episodes similar to those of acute porphyria are not uncommon.

I feel so helpless during the attacks. The most common symptom is severe abdominal pain. The liver normally removes the toxic porphyrins from the blood and secretes them in bile.

The spectrum of hepatobiliary disease associated with EPP is wide.Porphyria.

Erythropoietic protoporphyria

Essay by EssaySwap Contributor, High School, 10th grade, February download word file, The main types of Porphyria are Porphyria Cutanea Tarda, Acute Intermittent Porphyria, Hereditary Porphyria, Variegate Porphyria, and Erythropoietic Porphyria. They are separated into two groups.5/5(1).

Porphyria Cutanea Tarda Essay - Introduction: Porphyria cutanea tarda is described as a light-sensitive skin condition2,3.

Types of Porphyria

With the disease, also comes a large amount of uroporphyrin excretion in the urinary system2. There are two types of porphyria which are the sporadic and familial type4.

Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a form of porphyria, which varies in severity and can be very ultimedescente.com arises from a deficiency in the enzyme ferrochelatase, leading to abnormally high levels of protoporphyrin in the red blood cells (erythrocytes), plasma, skin, and liver.

The severity varies significantly from individual to individual. A clinically. Porphyria cutanea tarda is a genetic condition that affects the skin and nervous system. It can lead to dermatological symptoms, such as. porphyria cutanea tarda / hepatoerythropoietic porphyria – this is a cutaneous type of porphyria.

hereditary coproporphyria – this is both cutaneous & acute bummer variegate porphyria – this is both cutaneous & acute bummer. Background: Porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT) is the most common form of porphyria and is characterized by the decreased activity of the uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase enzyme.

Porphyria cutanea tarda essay
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