Enthusiasm tends to reinforce preferences, whereas fear and anxiety tends to interrupt behavioral patterns and leads individuals to look for new sources of information.
A Statistical Portrait of Voting in America. Stanford University Press, Official state and county results for all presidential primaries and caucuses from to D77 [ Catalog Record ] Note: The more recent developments in the party system have not been as sweeping in their scope nor as abrupt in their effect as what occurred in the s, but the cumulative impact of these developments has been substantial.
Presidential Elections in the United States: Researchers have shown that one such variable may be political sophistication, with higher sophistication voters more likely to experience emotions in response to political stimuli and thus more prone to emotional biases in voting choice.
A referendum follows another logic as people are specifically asked to vote for or against a clearly defined policy.
For example, evidence has shown that a variety of events that are irrelevant to the evaluation of candidates but can stir emotions, such as the outcome of football matches  and weather,  can significantly affect voting decisions. Not many voters change their party identification or ideology from one election to the next, and the changes that do occur often are small ones.
Younger voters are more Democratic than are older voters. When voters are asked what they like or dislike about a specific candidate — such as what might make them vote for or against that candidate — most of their responses fall into one of the above three categories.
A8 [ Catalog Record ] Note: Johns Hopkins Press, University of Pittsburgh Press, The African American Electorate: Also provides Senate primary vote returns. A week after the election, a follow-up survey was administered asking individuals whether they voted in the November election, which candidate they selected or preferred, their attitudes toward news events of the previous weeks, and their knowledge about recent news events.
A Handbook of Election Statistics. Official, state-certified election returns and key data by county and by district for presidential, congressional, and gubernatorial elections from to the present. Barone, Michael, et al. A lopsided victory for one party may be followed by a landslide for the other party.
Scammon, and Rhodes Cook, comps. Gathers data from presidential, congressional, and gubernatorial elections and examines historical voting patterns from to C66 [ Catalog Record ] Note: Married individuals are more Republican than are single individuals.
Some of these differences have existed for decades, but others represent more recent developments. Receiving either paper produced no effect on knowledge of political events or stated opinions about those events, and there were no differences between the treatment and comparison groups in voter turnout for the gubernatorial election.
These short-term factors may be moderately favorable to the Democrats in one election, strongly favorable to the Republicans in another, and evenly divided in a third. United States Presidential Primary Elections, Electoral vote and popular vote by state from to In assessing the effect of home-team sports victories on voting, Healy et al.Voting behavior is a form of electoral behavior.
Understanding voters' behavior can explain how and why decisions were made either by public decision-makers, which has been a central concern for political scientists,  or by the electorate.
This site presents data and analysis of women's voting behavior, including statistics on turnout and the gender gap in voting. Harvard Election Data Archive This archive contains data on election results, voting behavior, and electoral politics.
Civic Knowledge, Voting Behavior, and Civic Engagement in the United States. 1 Table of Contents the authors’ thoughtful analysis of the data, but also their recommendations for addressing the educational needs the United States.
Anthony Downsʹ theory of rational voting behavior predicts that people will vote if they. Voter turnout in the United States is much lower than in other countries in part because. Government Chapter terms. Ch Elections and Voting Behavior. terms. AP Gov Chapter 10 practice questions.
Voting behavior of U.S. citizens in the presidential election by gender and ethnicity Exclusive Premium Statistic The graph shows the electoral behavior of U.S. citizens by gender and ethnicity.
Which of the following statements about voting behavior in the United States is correct? College graduates are more likely to vote than are those who have at most a high school diploma. An electoral system based on single-member districts is usually characterized by.Download